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    全力治理固廢污染 守護一方凈土

    Since the implementation of the new law on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste (hereinafter referred to as the "solid waste law") on September 1, 2020, the prevention and control of solid waste pollution has been carried out in an orderly manner. From April to September 2021, the law enforcement inspection team of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress was divided into four teams to carry out law enforcement inspection in 8 provinces (regions and cities) such as Shaanxi, Shanghai, Inner Mongolia and Hubei. Positive results have been achieved in the prevention and control of solid waste pollution in various regions. Significant results have been achieved in the prevention and control of solid waste pollution in key areas, and the implementation effect is generally good. At the same time, the law enforcement inspection report shows that there are some deficiencies in the implementation of the solid waste law. What are the problems in the prevention and control of solid waste pollution? How to further promote the implementation of solid waste law? On October 22, the 31st meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress held a joint group meeting to inquire about the inspection report on the law enforcement of the law on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste.

     

    Make every effort to renovate domestic waste and construction waste

     

    "Garbage is a resource misplaced". In recent years, China's waste classification work has achieved remarkable results. 46 key cities such as municipalities directly under the central government, cities specifically designated in the state plan and provincial capital cities have basically built a classification system. The coverage of residential areas for domestic waste classification has reached 97.1%, and the average recycling rate of domestic waste is 36.2%.

     

    But at the same time, the inspection report on the enforcement of the solid waste law shows that China's domestic waste classification is still in its infancy on the whole, and there are still gaps in waste reduction and recycling. At present, the classification and treatment capacity of kitchen waste and hazardous waste in many cities can not meet the demand. There is a phenomenon of "putting in front-end classification and pulling away in the middle" and "dividing first and then mixing". In addition, a large amount of construction waste has been generated in the urbanization construction. Some cities do not have formal consumption places, and the problem of indiscriminate stacking of construction waste is relatively prominent.

     

    "From the experience at home and abroad, promoting the classification of domestic waste is a systematic project and a protracted war, which is difficult to achieve overnight." Wang Menghui, Minister of housing and urban rural development, said that in order to implement the requirements of the solid waste law, it is necessary to reasonably arrange the classified delivery and collection facilities, provide sufficient classified transportation vehicles and equipment, and supplement kitchen waste Short board of hazardous waste treatment facilities; At the same time, we should continue to strengthen publicity and create a good atmosphere for the participation of the whole society.

     

    With regard to construction waste, Wang Menghui said that we should actively promote the transformation of urban development and construction mode. In the implementation of urban renewal, it is strictly prohibited to carry out large-scale demolition and construction, develop green construction, and reduce the total amount of construction waste from the source; According to the actual needs, reasonably arrange and construct various facilities such as transfer and allocation of construction waste, landfill treatment and resource utilization. At the same time, the production, discharge, transportation and treatment of construction waste shall be subject to single management, and illegal acts such as private dumping shall be resolutely investigated and dealt with.

     

    Linkage and cooperation to crack down on illegal dumping of hazardous wastes

     

    In recent years, cases of garbage dumping in other places and illegal dumping of hazardous wastes have occurred from time to time. The arbitrary dumping and illegal disposal of solid waste, especially hazardous waste, has strong concealment, and has a great impact on soil, water and ecological environment.

     

    The law enforcement inspection report shows that at present, there are still blind spots in joint supervision and combating illegal dumping and landfill of hazardous wastes, and cases of illegal dumping and landfill of hazardous wastes across provinces occur from time to time.

     

    "The treatment of hazardous waste dumping in other places, especially across provinces, has been poor. First, there is a black industrial chain for hazardous waste dumping in other places, and it is difficult to control it by signing subcontracting contracts at all levels; second, the supervision of hazardous waste in the transportation process has high requirements for detection technology, there are many types of hazardous waste, and the technical requirements for detection are different, so it is difficult to pass the intelligent design For testing, "said Zhang Xueqiao, deputy Procurator General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate.

     

    What should I do? Use criminal crackdown to reveal the truth, and use cross regional cooperation to trace back to the source.

     

    Since last year, procuratorial, public security and ecological environment departments have established cross regional cooperation mechanisms such as the Yangtze River economic belt, the Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong and Guangxi, and cooperated closely in the aspects of cooperative evidence collection, approval and tracing of arrests. "Starting from the illegal dumping of hazardous waste, we should trace it all the way along the transportation route of hazardous waste, find the source, investigate criminal responsibility according to law, and file criminal incidental civil public interest litigation." Zhang Xueqiao said that the procuratorial organs should not only strengthen the crackdown on criminal crimes, but also urge and promote relevant law enforcement departments to strengthen the administrative supervision of the transportation process of hazardous waste.

     

    In addition, we should give full play to the role of judicial function. Shen Liang, vice president of the Supreme People's court, said that we should strengthen the connection between judicial and administrative law enforcement, promote the coordination and linkage between local courts and administrative departments in charge of ecological environment, public security organs and procuratorial organs, build a whole process supervision system of hazardous waste with "strict prevention at the source, strict management in the process and severe punishment in the consequences", give full play to the function of administrative trial, and form an effective joint force against hazardous waste.

     

    "Burden reduction" for commodity packaging

     

    At present, China's e-commerce, express delivery, takeout and other industries are developing rapidly. From January to August 2021, the business volume of national express service enterprises has completed 67.32 billion pieces, a year-on-year increase of 40.1%. At the same time, how to reduce express packaging and how to avoid excessive packaging of goods have become a problem that must be faced.

     

    The law enforcement inspection report shows that at present, the reduction, greening and recycling level of express packaging is not high, the packaging standards are not perfect, the supervision is not enough, excessive packaging continues despite repeated prohibitions, and the output of packaging waste increases rapidly.

     

    Article 68 of the solid waste law requires strengthening the supervision of excessive packaging and encouraging green packaging and reduced packaging. At the same time, in recent years, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of ecological environment have issued the opinions on further strengthening plastic pollution control and the action plan for plastic pollution control in the 14th five year plan, etc., making comprehensive arrangements for plastic pollution control from multiple links and aspects.

     

    "Pay attention to optimizing express packaging and increase efforts in reduction." Ma Junsheng, director of the State Post Bureau, said that in order to effectively reduce commodity packaging, we should strengthen "supervision", implement "double random and one open" supervision, conduct regular thorough investigation, and seriously investigate and deal with all kinds of violations involving express packaging. In addition, we should strengthen the coordination and cooperation with upstream industries, promote the integration of product packaging, sales packaging and express packaging, and reduce secondary packaging; Actively promote recyclable packaging, and give priority to the promotion and use of easy folding, easy recycling and reusable packaging boxes in the same city, fresh food, warehouse distribution and other business fields.

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